Jonnie and Eddie: Contrasts in Literacy Development

Jonnie

Eddie

Initially

Initially

  • No expressive oral language
  • Limited oral communication in English and Spanish (entry one)
  • No ability to read or write
  • Formed letters that appeared as English words; organized �writing� with heading and paragraph-like constructions; drew pictures to indicate meaning (entry one)

After One Year of Instruction

After One Year of Instruction

  • Two words oral sentences (e.g. Jonnie hungry; big book [entry level two])
  • Brief oral sentences (exit two)
  • Brief written sentences (entry three with major limitations in form)