ESOL Infusion/Resources for Infusion


The Strongest Boat

Sunshine State Standard   SC.H.1.2.2
The student knows that a successful method to explore the natural world is to observe and record, and then analyze and communicate the results.

Cultural Objective:   The student will understand the use of ounces in the English measurement system (correspondence of ounces to grams).

Linguistic Objective: Comparatives and superlatives--more than, less than, heavier, heaviest, lighter, lightest.

ESOL Vocabulary: Pennies, estimate, float, weigh, ounces, boat, tape, design, strengths, weaknesses

Cummins' Quadrant--Three: High Context, High Cognitive Demand

2 sheets of typing paper (1 for practice, 1 for the final design)
1 roll of scotch tape
container of water (put some blue food coloring in the water to make it look like "the ocean"
balance scale
Bilingual dictionaries, visual dictionaries, metric converter, written directions in simplified form with pictures, lab report form

What to do
Before the activity, group students into cooperative learning teams of 3-5 students. Then give the students these directions :

  1. Using one sheet of typing paper and the tape, design a boat with your group. You may try different designs using one sheet of paper, but your final design must be made from only one sheet of paper.
  2. Your boat must be able to fit inside the testing container, hold as many pennies as possible, and still float.
  3. We will test each boat and determine how many pennies each will hold.
  4. You may not test any part of your boat in the water until the actual testing begins.
  5. Each group will display their boat before the testing begins, give the name of their boat, explain their design to the group, and estimate the number of pennies it will hold.
  6. The winning boat will be the one that holds the most pennies and still floats.
  7. Have each group weigh the number of pennies their boat held.
  8. Make a class data table that includes: group name, boat name, estimate of pennies held, actual number of pennies held, weight of pennies held. Create a class graph of the information.
  9. Have students analyze their designs and discuss: strengths and weakness of the design, changes that should be made, how they would make better use of the materials, etc.
  10. All of the information should be put in lab report form or recorded in science journals.

For all ESOL students
Write the directions in simplified language with pictures.
Label the "Testing Container."
Have students add ESOL vocabulary to their word banks.

The hands-on nature of this lesson makes it appropriate for all levels of ESOL students, although students at different levels can perform different tasks.

Model the directions using paper, tape, and pennies.
Make sure students are paired with a buddy in each cooperative group.   Students can copy lab report from buddy.

Early Production
Question--Which boat will hold the most pennies?
Students fill out lab report with help from group members.

Speech Emergence
Question--How much do the pennies in boat 1 weigh?
Students fill out lab report.

Intermediate Fluency
Question--What are the strengths of this design and why?   Students record information in their science journals--allow them to use bulleted lists and expect syntactic errors.

Additional Information

EXTENSIONS: 1.Scale diagrams and dimensions - determine surface areas of each boat. 2.Observe effects of different variables: saltwater vs. freshwater, warm water vs. cold water, etc. 3.Discussion or Field trip to port or boatyard to observe how designs of boat is based on use/function of boat

Submitted by
Linda Pickett Miami-Dade County, Florida

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